Luxembourg City is the capital of Luxembourg. Located in the south of the small country, it has a population of roughly 107,000. It is also the seat of the national government and the home of the Grand Ducal Family. It has a high percentage of immigrants living there due to its many international organisations. The city has always been of important military significance having been under the rule of many different nations a number of times throughout history. The country became neutral in 1890 but was occupied in the 2 subsequent world wars. Following this, Luxembourg ended it neutrality and became a member of several inter and supra-governmental institutions, such as the EU.
Seat for several institutions of the EU and important for banking and administrative centre. Inhabitants have second-highest per capita GDP in the world with $80,119. It's the centre of the country and an important tourist attraction. Due to its castles and old buildings, the entire city is a UNESCO world heritage site.
LUX, opened in the 1930’s, is the only international airport in the country and is located 6 km from Luxembourg city. The airport handles around 2.2 million passengers annually but is more significant for cargo; it is currently Europe's 5th biggest cargo tonnage airport. The airport also serves as a hub for Luxembourg airlines, Luxair and Cargolux.
Getting from Luxembourg Airport (LUX) to the City Centre
The easiest and most efficient way of accessing the city centre is by utilising the public transport system; most predominantly the buses available of which there are 4. There is no train service connecting the airport with the city however, a train track is scheduled for construction and should be opened in 2016. There are also taxis available from outside the airport however, can only leave from designated taxi ranks and cannot be hailed on the street. A taxi from the airport will cost at least €30. Driving from LUX is also a viable option; it will take about 10 - 15 minutes depending on traffic.
Luxembourg station is the busiest station in the city, with 80,000 passengers handled everybday and is just 2 km from the city centre. The station is also the hub of Luxembourg's domestic railway network which serves all but one train line within Luxembourg. It is also an international hub with services to Belgium, France and Germany. The station was opened in 1859 and has major renovations in 2006. The major rail providers servicing the station include TGV, Eurocity and intercity trains providing international routes. Local and regional services are provided by CFL.
Getting from Luxembourg Station to the City Centre
There are over 27 bus lines in Luxembourg city, of which 16 serve the station and provide connections to other parts of the city. There are plans underway to construct a tram system, details of which are yet to be finalised. A taxi rank is located close to the entrance of the station and taxis can only be caught from this point or other designated taxi ranks around the city.
The central bus station of Luxembourg is located close to main railway station and is the only bus station in the country, offering long distance travel by bus. AVL, RGTR, CFL, RegioJet, and MeinFernBus operate from this station to both domestic and international destinations.
Getting from Busbahnhof Luxemburg to the City Centre
The station is within walking distance of all the main attraction in the city and is located in close proximity to the train station, therefore all the same connections apply.
There are 6 motorways leading into the city of Luxembourg and given the country's small size it is also very accessible from its neighbouring countries of Belgium, France and Germany.
Luxembourg has 2 national and 2 intercity networks. There are bus/train combination tickets available are valid to use all across modes in the city and country. The city is currently undergoing plans to integrate trams into the public transport system which would enable more connections between the city and the airport, as well as other areas of the city. The trams are set to be fully integrated in the city by 2020/21; therefore, expect to experience reduced service on the weekends and public holidays.
The country of Luxembourg itself is extremely cycle-friendly with over 600 km of bike lanes covering much of the rural areas of the country. However, it the city itself cycling can be problematic due cycle lanes are infrequent and often cut off unexpectedly. With the increasing popularity of the municipal bike service, this is set to change as there currently 72 stations where the bikes can be picked up and dropped off.
Taxis are extremely prevalent in Luxembourg city, however usually come at a high cost as the taxi drivers are unable to pick passengers up from the street; just at the designated pick up points and by booking in advance.
Luxembourg is home to well developed and infra structurally sound roads, so driving there is usually a pleasant experience. However, parking spaces can be hard to come by and, for this reason, the city has released guidelines on how best to find a spot. Driving during the week can also pose problems due the high proportion of commuters travelling into the city; the busiest times being between 7.30 am - 9.00 am, and then again at 5.00 pm - 6.30 pm.
Not only is it possible to walk around the entire city with ease, but designated areas - such as the historical old town - are fully pedestrianised!